Univ. Bremen
Prof. Dr. C.
Lämmerzahl, Dr. Dennis Philipp
The Global Navigation Satellite System
(S2, elective, 3 ECTS)
Learning Outcomes:Understanding of the working principles of global navigation satellite systems. In particular
(i) the physical and theoretical principles of positioning,
(ii) GNSS satellites, payload, clocks;
(iii) the technology requirements.
Knowledge and Understanding:

Applying Knowledge and Understanding:
Program(i) The physical requirements regarding the main working principles. Here clocks, the electromagnetic signals propagation in the Earth’s atmosphere, and the targeted accuracy are discussed.
(ii) The theoretical analysis of the whole problem has to be carried through. This includes basic effects of the moving clocks (special relativistic time dilation) and clocks in gravitational fields (gravitational redshift) and the calculation of the position from the clock signals. Theoretical concepts within geodesy regarding reference surfaces and coordinate systems such as
WGS84 will be introduced.
(iii) The technological realization is described.
Description of how the course is conducted
Description of the didactic methods
Description of the evaluation methodsOral exam or written exam
Adopted Textbooks– Werner Mansfeld: Satellitenortung und Navigation. Grundlagen, Wirkungsweisen und Anwendung globaler Satellitennavigationssysteme (Vieweg, Wiesbaden 2010).
– Manfred Bauer: Vermessung und Ortung mit Satelliten. Globale Navigationssysteme (GNSS) und andere satellitengestützte Navigationssysteme (Wichmann, Berlin 2011).
– B. Hoffmann-Wellenhof, H. Lichtenegger, and J. Collins: GPS – Theory and Practice (Springer, Wien and New York, 2001).
Recommended readings